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Find out ways your company can benefit from using mindfulness in the workplace, have a look at the mindfulness experience employee engagement program , executive based mindfulness coaching and mindfulness based leadership. Amaranatho also offers facilitation to support innovation, change and conflicts within business and organizations.
What is Mindfulness?
Mindfulness can be defined as
“… the awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose, in the present moment, and non-judgementally to things as they are”
Williams, Teasdale, Segal & Kabat-Zinn (2007, p.47)
Some facts on Stress in the workplace
The National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health in the US estimate that stress-related ailments cost companies about $200 billion a year in increased absenteeism, tardiness, and the loss of talented workers.
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) in the UK, echo these findings. In 2008/09 an estimated 415, 000 workers in Britain, believed that they were experiencing work-related stress at a level that was making them ill. The 2009 Psychosocial Working Conditions (PWC) survey indicated that around 16.7% of all working individuals thought their job was very or extremely stressful.
The annual incidence of work-related mental health problems in Britain in 2008 was approximately 5,126 new cases per year. However, this almost certainly underestimates the true incidence of these conditions in the British workforce. Estimates indicate that self-reported work-related stress, depression or anxiety accounted for an estimated 11.4 million lost working days in Britain in 2008/09.
The Benefits of mindfulness
There has now been a huge increase in research on mindfulness and it is even approved by the NHS (1) and is increasingly being used in diverse areas.Last year I spent a week living in a hospital sharing with staff the benefits of mindfulness (2). Research (3) on the benefits of mindfulness in the workplace suggest the following:-
More present workforce
Better communication & interpersonal relating
If we reverse the list, then the cost of workplace stress both finically and on the well-being of communities and country is huge .
Presence is the ability to stay with any given situation both within oneself and others, it allows one to be authentic, have clear boundaries , communicate effectively and flow with life. Mindfulness supports presence and is a secular practise that anybody can learn and it is not dependant on a place, position or silence.
Mindfulness is just like any other body based routines it needs to be exercised, most of the research shows a daily practise based over several weeks, will help to establish a mindfulness.
If you are asking what is your ROI of allowing mindfulness in your workplace for me its very simple, happy staff makes a happy workplace, a happy workplace makes happy customers, happy customers make a happy company. When we focus on well-being everybody wins. What would you choose?
3) (Baer, 2003; Chu, 2010; Shapiro & Schwartz, 2000)
Research on Mindfulness in the workplace and how it can effect stress at work
• Decreases perceived stress, improves sleep quality, and the heart rhythm coherence ratio of heart rate variability (index of emotion regulation) in employees (Wolever et al., 2012);
• Reduces perceived stress and increases mindfulness in working adults (Klatt et al., 2009);
• Improves multitasking-related problems – HR staff showed better memory for tasks, more concentration on a task and less switching between tasks (Levy et al., 2011).
Baer et al 2012 Weekly change in mindfulness and perceived stress in a MBSR: Journal of clinical Psychology
Bazarko et al (2013). Journal of Workplace Behavioural Health; vol.28, issue 2, pp.107-133. "The impact of an innovative mindfulness-based stress reduction program on the health and wellbeing of nurses in a corporate setting".
Beckman, H. B., Wendland, M., Mooney, C., Krasner, M. S., et al. (2012). The impact of a program in mindful communication on primary care physicians. Academic Medicine, 87(6), 1-5.
Bostoket et al (2013) Can finding headspace reduce work stress? Randomised controlled workplace trial of mindfulness app. Psychosomatic Medicine 75 (3) A36-A37
Dane E, Brummel BJ ,2013 (2013) Examining workplace mindfulness and its relations to job performance and turnover intention. Human Relations, forthcoming.
Dane, E. (2010). Paying attention to mindfulness and its effects on task performance in the workplace. Journal of Management 37(4), 997-1018.
Davidson, R.J., Kabat-Zinn, J., Schumacher, J., et al. (2003) Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 564-570
Flook et al (2013) Mindfulness for teachers: A pilot study to assess effects on stress, burnout and teaching efficiency. Mind, brain and education 7 (3) 182-195
Franco et al (2010) Reducing teacher's psychological distress through a mindfulness training programme. The Spanish Journal of psychology 13 (2) 184-189
Gold et al (2009) Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) for primary school teachers. Journal of Child and Family studies 19 (2) 184-189
Goodman, M. J. & Schorling, J. B. (2012). A mindfulness course decreases burnout and improves well-being among healthcare providers. The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 43(2), 119-28.
Hafenbrack, A. C., Kinias, Z., & Barsade, S. G. (2013). Debiasing the Mind Through Meditation Mindfulness and the Sunk-Cost Bias. Psychological Science, 6 December, doi: 0956797613503853. View PDF
Hunter J and McCormick D, Mindfulness in the Workplace: An Exploratory Study. Paper presented at the meeting of the 2008 Academy of Management Annual Meeting. Anaheim, CA.
Jha AP, Stanley EA, Kiyonaga A, Wong L, Gelfand L (2010) Examining the protective effects of mindfulness training on working memory capacity and affective experience, Emotion, Vol 10(1), 54-64
Klatt et al (2009) The effects of low dose Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR_ld) on working adults. Health Education and Behaviour 36 (3) 212 -233
Limm, H., Gundel, H., Heinmuller, M., Marten-Mittag, B., Nater, U. M.,Siegrist, J., & Angerer, P. (2011). Stress management interventions in the workplace improve stress reactivity: A randomized controlled trial. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 68, 126 -133. doi:10.1136/oem.2009.054148
Mackenzie et al (2006) A Brief mindfulness based stress reduction intervention for nurses and nurses aides. Applied Nursing Research 19 (2) 105 -9
McGarrigle and Walsh (2011) Mindfulness, self-care, and wellness in social work: effects of contemplative training. Journal of Religion and spirituality in Social work: social thought 30(3) 212-233
Mental Health Foundation (2010). Mindfulness Report (London: Mental Health Foundation)
Mindfulness, Positivity and Work Engagement (2012) Mindfulness Research at LJMU by Lim Hui Jia (To be published shortly)
Nicole de Zoysa, Florian A. Ruths, James Walsh, Jane Hutton (2012) Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Mental Health Professionals: a Long-Term Quantitative Follow-up Study TY - JOUR PY - 2012 J2 - Mindfulness SN - 1868-8527 T2 - Mindfulness DO - 10.1007/s12671-012-0176-4 TI
Poulin et al (2008) Mindfulness training as an evidence based approach to reducing stress and promoting well-being among human services professionals. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, 46 (2) 35-43
Reb J, Narayanan J, & Chaturvedi S, 2012. Leading Mindfully: Two Studies on the Influence of Supervisor Trait Mindfulness on Employee Well-Being and Performance: Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012
Reb J, Narayanan, J, & Ho ZW, (2013). Mindfulness at Work: Antecedents and Consequences of Employee Awareness and Absent-mindedness. Mindfulness, forthcoming.
Schenstrom et al (2006) Mindfulness based cognitive attitude training for primary care staff: A pilot study. Complimentary Health Practice Review 11 (3) 144 - 152
Shapiro et al (2005) Mindfulness based stress reduction for health care professionals: Results from a randomized trial. International Journal of Stress Management 12 (2) 164-176
Smith et al (2011) Mindfulness is associated with fewer PTSD symptoms... In urban fire-fighters. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 79(5) 613-617
Stanley and Jha (2009) Mind fitness: Improving operational effectiveness and building warrior resilience. Joint Force Quarterly, 55, 144-151.
Theresa M. Glomb, Michelle K. Duffy, Joyce E. Bono and Tao Yang,(2011): Mindfulness at work. Personnel and Human Resources Management, Volume 30, 115-157
Theresa M. Glomb, Michelle K. Duffy, Joyce E. Bono, Tao Yang (2011) Mindfulness at Work, in Aparna Joshi, Hui Liao, Joseph J. Martocchio (ed.) Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management (Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, Volume 30), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.115-157
Walach, H., Nord, E., Zier, C., Dietz-Waschkowski, B., Kersig, S., and Schu, H. (2007) Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction as a Method for Personnel Development: A Pilot Evaluation. American Psychological Association, 14 (2)188-198.
Walach, Nord et al (2007) Mindfulness based stress reduction as a method for personnel development - a pilot evaluation. International Journal of Stress Management (2007) Volume: 14, Issue: 2 pages 188-198
Wolever RQ, Bobinet KJ, et al. (2012) Effective and viable mind-body stress reduction in the workplace: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Occupational Health Psycholpgy 2012 Apr;17(2):246-58.
Wolever RQ, Bobinet KJ, McCabe K, Mackenzie ER, Fekete E, Kusnick CA, Baime M. Effective and viable mind-body stress reduction in the workplace: a randomized controlled trial. J Occup Health Psychol. 2012 Apr;17(2):246-58. doi: 10.1037/a0027278. Epub 2012 Feb 20.
Zhang J, Ding W, Li Y, & Wu C, 2013.. Task complexity matters: The influence of trait mindfulness on task and safety performance of nuclear power plant operators. Personality and Individual Differences 55, 433-439
Buser, T. J., Buser, J. K., Peterson, C. H., & Seraydarian, D. G. (2012). Influence of mindfulness practice on counseling skills development. Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision, 4(1), 20-36.
Chang, V. (2004) The effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction program on stress, mindfulness self-efficacy, and positive states of mind. Stress and Health, 20, 141-147
Crane, R. & Kuyken, W. (2012). The implementation of mindfulness based cognitive therapy: Learning from the UK health service experience. Mindfulness.
Galantino, M., Baime, M., Maguire, M., Szapary, P., & Farrer, J. (2005).. Association of psychological and physiological measures of stress in health-care professionals during an 8-week mindfulness meditation program: Mindfulness in practice. Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress, 21(4), 255-261
Geller, R., Krasner, M., & Korones, D. (2010). Clinician self-care: The applications of mindfulness-based approaches in preventing professional burnout and compassion fatigue. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 39(2), 366.
Gura, S. T. (2010). Mindfulness in occupational therapy education. Occupational Therapy in Health Care, 24(3), 266-273.
Lau, M., Colley, L., Willett, B., & Lynd, L. (2012). Employee's preferences for access to mindfulness based cognitive therapy to reduce the risk of depressive relapse-A discrete choice experiment. Mindfulness.
Lee, J. J. (2012). Teaching mindfulness at a public research university. Journal of College and Character, 13(2), 9.
McCormick, Donald W & Hunter J (2008) exploratory study. Mindfulness in the workplace: an exploratory study.
Oman, D., Shapiro, S. L., Thoresen, C. E., Plante, T. G., & Flinders, T. (2008). Meditation lowers stress and supports forgiveness among college students: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of American College Health, 56 (5), 569-578.
Shapiro, S., Astin, J., Bishop, S., & Cordove, M. (2005). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for health care professionals: results from a randomized trail. International Journal of Stress management, 12(2), 164-176.